The psychologist is an expert in behaviour, emotions and mental health. They work with people who are experiencing distress or psychological difficulties.
Each psychologist has completed between 7 and 9 years of university studies in psychology. Their training allows them to understand human behaviour and to know the best ways to help their clients resolve their psychological difficulties.
The psychologist's work consists of :
assess the psychological functioning and mental health of the individual
Determine the interventions or treatments that could help the person;
carry out the interventions or treatments that he or she is qualified to do, such as psychotherapy
If the counsellor feels that the person needs medication, recommend that the person consult a physician.
In Quebec, to hold the title and practice the profession of psychologist, you must:
have completed a doctorate in psychology (this requirement has been in effect since 2006; psychologists who graduated with a master's degree prior to this date are not subject to this requirement)
be registered on the roll of members of the Ordre des psychologues du Québec;
comply with the laws and regulations in force, in particular the Code of Ethics of Psychologists.
The scope of practice of psychologists, according to the law :
"The practice of psychology consists of assessing psychological and mental functioning as well as determining, recommending and carrying out interventions and treatments with the aim of promoting psychological health and restoring the mental health of human beings in interaction with their environment.
Information, health promotion, prevention of suicide, illness, accidents and social problems are also part of the practice of the profession with individuals, families and communities."